As we mentioned in previous articles, infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse or can not carry the pregnancy to term. It effects over 5 millions couple alone in the U. S. and many times more in the world. Because of unawareness of treatments, only 10% seeks help from professional specialist. In this article, we will discuss what male infertility antisperm antibody test is.
The antisperm antibody test is one of procedure which helps to see the antigens of the immune system function toward sperm invasion through blood test. If the immune system recognized or not the sperm as the foreign object, it will produces white blood cells to kill them.
Blood is withdrawn from a vein in the arm of the infertile female in the clinic laboratory and is to analyzed by immunologic infertility specialist.
The test uses a sample of sperm and adds a substance that binds only to the test sperm. Semen sample causes the immune system response in either the man’s or woman’s body. If there is an injure somewheres in the body or inflammation caused by irregular cell adhesion or implants such as endometriosis or sexual transmitted diseases infection which may stimulate the production of white blood. The white blood cells can damage or kill sperm if a high number of sperm antibodies is found leading to immunologic infertility.
Women may have an allergic reaction to her partner’s semen and make sperm antibodies leading to faultily recognizing the sperm as foreign invasion, thereby producing high a mount of antibody to kill them leading to infertility. This kind of immune response is not fully understood and happens only to small percentage of infertility couple. It is said that this kind of abnormal function can be treated by controlling the allergic reaction if the causes are found.