We all are aware of the word Antibody very well. Antibodies are those things that protect us from various Infections. These are large Protein molecules white cells.
Antibodies produced by the immune system in the response to the presence of antigens in the human body. These antigens can be Bacteria, Bacterial Toxins, Viruses, or other Cells or Protein. Such antigens are capable of disrupting the body’s process.
Human body contains hundreds of thousands of different white blood cells called “B lymphocytes”, each capable of producing one type of antibody and each bearing sites on its membrane that will bind with a specific antigen. When such a process starts, It trigger the B lymphocytes to reproduce itself formatting a clone that manufactures a big amount of its antibody.
There are five different type of antibodies present in human serum and tissues. These antibody classes are IgM, IgA, IgG, IgE, and IgD. There are other four classes of IgG to make things difficult to understand. IgM is the first antibody to be made in facing new antigens. IgG is the most prevalent antibody serum. IgA is mainly found on the surface of molecules and in secretions like tears, saliva etc. IgE is present in low level in serum. IgD is found in the surface of immature in cell, where it plays a role in B cell maturation.
In Short Antibodies are very important part of white cell which protect human body from damage done by various antigens.
There are so many agencies across globe which is involved in custom antibody production. It is a work which requires great research and special environment. Custom antibody development is one of the most important inventions of Bio-science industries.